Ink material selection and optical design considerations in DLP 3D printing

Hossein Goodarzi Hosseinabadi, Daniel Nieto, Ali Yousefinejad, Hoda Fattel, Leonid Ionov, Amir K. Miri

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Digital light processing (DLP) 3D printing has become a powerful manufacturing tool for the fast fabrication of complex functional structures. The rapid progress in DLP 3D printing has been linked to research on optical design factors and ink selection. This critical review highlights the main challenges in the DLP 3D printing of photopolymerizable inks. The kinetics equations of photopolymerization reaction in a DLP printer are solved, and the dependence of curing depth on the process optical parameters and ink chemical properties are explained. Developments in DLP platform design and ink selection are summarized, and the roles of monomer structure and molecular weight on printing resolution are shown by experimental data. A detailed guideline is presented to help engineers and scientists to select inks and optical parameters for fabricating functional structures for multi-material and 4D printing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101721
JournalApplied Materials Today
StatePublished - Feb 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science


  • 3D printing
  • Digital light processing
  • Ink selection
  • Photosensitive monomer
  • Resolution improvement


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