Intermittency and multifractality spectra of the magnetic field in solar active regions

Valentyna Abramenko, Vasyl Yurchyshyn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present the results of a study of intermittency and multifractality of magnetic structures in solar active regions (ARs). Line-of-sight magnetograms for 214 ARs of different flare productivity observed at the center of the solar disk from 1997 January until 2006 December are utilized. Data from the Michelson Doppler Imager (MDI) instrument on board the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory operating in the high resolution mode, the Big Bear Solar Observatory digital magnetograph, and the Hinode SOT/SP instrument were used. Intermittency spectra were derived from high-order structure functions and flatness functions. The flatness function exponent is a measure of the degree of intermittency. We found that the flatness function exponent at scales below approximately 10 Mm is correlated with flare productivity (the correlation coefficient is -0.63). The Hinode data show that the intermittency regime is extended toward small scales (below 2 Mm) as compared to the MDI data. The spectra of multifractality, derived from the structure functions and flatness functions, are found to be broader for ARs of higher flare productivity as compared to those of low flare productivity. The magnetic structure of high-flaring ARs consists of a voluminous set of monofractals, and this set is much richer than that for low-flaring ARs. The results indicate the relevance of the multifractal organization of the photospheric magnetic fields to the flaring activity. The strong intermittency observed in complex and high-flaringARs is a hint that we observe a photospheric imprint of enhanced sub-photospheric dynamics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)122-130
Number of pages9
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume722
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 10 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Keywords

  • Color figures
  • Sun: activity
  • Sun: flares
  • Sun: photosphere
  • Sun: surface magnetism
  • Turbulence online-only material

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