Intraparticle surface diffusion is an important and rate-limiting process in the sorption of metal ions to microporous sorbents such as those of hydrous amorphous Al (HAO), Fe (HFO), and Mn (HMO) oxides; these minerals are abundant in the environment, exhibiting a high affinity for metal contaminants. In aquatic systems representative of natural environments, internal micropore surfaces of HAO, HFO, and HMO can account for 40 to 90% of the sorption sites. Surface diffusivities have been observed to range between 10-16 and 10-10 cm2 s-1 for metals including Sr, Cd, Zn, and Ni. The combination of significant microporosity and small diffusivities results in the amorphous oxides acting as natural attenuating sinks.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry