Investigation of Relationship between High-energy X-Ray Sources and Photospheric and Helioseismic Impacts of X1.8 Solar Flare of 2012 October 23

I. N. Sharykin, A. G. Kosovichev, V. M. Sadykov, I. V. Zimovets, I. I. Myshyakov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

The X-class solar flare of 2012 October 23 generated continuum photospheric emission and a strong helioseismic wave ("sunquake") that points to an intensive energy release in the dense part of the solar atmosphere. We study properties of the energy release with high temporal and spatial resolutions, using photospheric data from the Helioseismic Magnetic Imager (HMI) on board Solar Dynamics Observatory, and hard X-ray observations made by RHESSI. For this analysis we use level-1 HMI data (filtergrams), obtained by scanning the Fe i line (6731 Å) with the time cadence of ∼3.6 s and spatial resolution of ∼0.″5 per pixel. It is found that the photospheric disturbances caused by the flare spatially coincide with the region of hard X-ray emission but are delayed by ≲4 s. This delay is consistent with predictions of the flare hydrodynamics RADYN models. However, the models fail to explain the magnitude of variations observed by the HMI. The data indicate that the photospheric impact and helioseismic wave might be caused by the electron energy flux, which is substantially higher than that in the current flare radiative hydrodynamic models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number67
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume843
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Keywords

  • Sun: chromosphere
  • Sun: corona
  • Sun: flares
  • Sun: magnetic fields
  • Sun: photosphere

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