Joint precoding and multivariate backhaul compression for the downlink of cloud radio access networks

Seok Hwan Park, Osvaldo Simeone, Onur Sahin, Shlomo Shamai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

228 Scopus citations


This work studies the joint design of precoding and backhaul compression strategies for the downlink of cloud radio access networks. In these systems, a central encoder is connected to multiple multi-antenna base stations (BSs) via finite-capacity backhaul links. At the central encoder, precoding is followed by compression in order to produce the rate-limited bit streams delivered to each BS over the corresponding backhaul link. In current state-of-the-art approaches, the signals intended for different BSs are compressed independently. In contrast, this work proposes to leverage joint compression, also referred to as multivariate compression, of the signals of different BSs in order to better control the effect of the additive quantization noises at the mobile stations (MSs). The problem of maximizing the weighted sum-rate with respect to both the precoding matrix and the joint correlation matrix of the quantization noises is formulated subject to power and backhaul capacity constraints. An iterative algorithm is proposed that achieves a stationary point of the problem.Moreover, in order to enable the practical implementation of multivariate compression across BSs, a novel architecture is proposed based on successive steps of minimum mean-squared error (MMSE) estimation and per-BS compression. Robust design with respect to imperfect channel state information is also discussed. From numerical results, it is confirmed that the proposed joint precoding and compression strategy outperforms conventional approaches based on the separate design of precoding and compression or independent compression across the BSs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6588350
Pages (from-to)5646-5658
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Signal Processing
Issue number22
StatePublished - 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Signal Processing
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • Cloud radio access network
  • Constrained backhaul
  • Distributed antenna systems
  • Multivariate compression
  • Network MIMO
  • Precoding


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