Joint Source-Channel Coding and Bayesian Message Passing Detection for Grant-Free Radio Access in IoT

Johannes Dommel, Zoran Utkovski, Slawomir Stanczak, Osvaldo Simeone

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Consider an Internet-of-Things (IoT) system that monitors a number of multi-valued events through multiple sensors sharing the same bandwidth. Each sensor measures data correlated to one or more events, and communicates to the fusion center at a base station using grant-free random access whenever the corresponding event is active. The base station aims at detecting the active events, and, for each active event, to determine a scalar value describing each active event's state. A conventional solution based on Separate Source-Channel (SSC) coding would use a separate codebook for each sensor and decode the sensors' transmitted packets at the base station in order to subsequently carry out events' detection. In contrast, this paper considers a potentially more efficient solution based on Joint Source-Channel (JSC) coding via a non-orthogonal generalization of Type-Based Multiple Access (TBMA). Accordingly, all sensors measuring the same event share the same codebook (with non-orthogonal codewords), and the base station directly detects the events' values without first performing individual decoding for each sensor. A novel Bayesian message-passing detection scheme is developed for the proposed TBMA-based protocol, and its performance is compared to conventional solutions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2020 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2020 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages8574-8578
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781509066315
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2020
Externally publishedYes
Event2020 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2020 - Barcelona, Spain
Duration: May 4 2020May 8 2020

Publication series

NameICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings
Volume2020-May
ISSN (Print)1520-6149

Conference

Conference2020 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2020
Country/TerritorySpain
CityBarcelona
Period5/4/205/8/20

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Signal Processing
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Keywords

  • IoT
  • Type-Based Multiple Access
  • approximate message passing
  • joint source-channel coding.
  • random access

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