Kernel fisher linear discriminant with fractional power polynomial models for face recognition

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper presents a kernel Fisher Linear Discriminant (FLD) method for face recognition. The kernel FLD method is extended to include fractional power polynomial models for enhanced face recognition performance. A fractional power polynomial, however, does not necessarily define a kernel function, as it might not define a positive semi-definite Gram matrix. Note that the sigmoid kernels, one of the three classes of widely used kernel functions (polynomial kernels, Gaussian kernels, and sigmoid kernels), do not actually define a positive semi-definite Gram matrix, either. Nevertheless, the sigmoid kernels have been successfully used in practice, such as in building support vector machines. The feasibility of the kernel FLD method with fractional power polynomial models has been successfully tested on face recognition using a FERET data set that contains 600 frontal face images corresponding to 200 subjects. These images are acquired under variable illumination and facial expression. Experimental results show that the kernel FLD method with fractional power polynomial models achieves better face recognition performance than the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) method using various similarity measures, the FLD method, and the kernel FLD method with polynomial kernels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)136-143
Number of pages8
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume5404
DOIs
StatePublished - 2004
EventBiometric Technology for Human Identification - Orlando, FL, United States
Duration: Apr 12 2004Apr 13 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Keywords

  • Face recognition
  • Fisher Linear Discriminant (FLD)
  • Fractional power polynomial models
  • Kernel FLD
  • Principal Component Analysis (PCA)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Kernel fisher linear discriminant with fractional power polynomial models for face recognition'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this