A family of layered double hydroxides (LDHs), such as Fe/Mg/Al, Co/Mg/Al, and Ni/Mg/Al LDHs, were used as catalysts for the efficient growth of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) in a fluidized bed reactor. The LDH flakes were agglomerated into clusters with sizes ranging from 50 to 200 μm, and they can be easily fluidized with a gas velocity ranging from 2.3 to 24 cm/s. After calcination and reduction, small metal catalyst particles formed and distributed uniformly on the flakes. At the reaction temperature, the introduction of methane realized the growth of SWCNTs with the diameter of 1-4 nm. The loose structure of LDH agglomerates afforded a yield as high as 0.95 gCNT/(gcat h) of SWCNTs with a surface area of 930 m2/g. Compared with Fe/Mg/Al LDH, Ni/Mg/Al and Co/Mg/Al LDHs showed a better selectivity to SWCNTs. The highest selectivity for metallic SWCNTs was obtained using Co/Mg/AI LDHs as the catalyst.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)