Lie-algebraic structure of Lax–Sato integrable heavenly equations and the Lagrange–d'Alembert principle

Oksana E. Hentosh, Yarema A. Prykarpatsky, Denis Blackmore, Anatolij K. Prykarpatski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


The work is devoted to recent investigations of the Lax–Sato compatible linear vector field equations, especially to the related Lie-algebraic structures and integrability properties of a very interesting class of nonlinear dynamical systems called the dispersionless heavenly type equations, which were initiated by Plebański and later analyzed in a series of articles. The AKS-algebraic and related R-structure schemes are used to study the orbits of the corresponding co-adjoint actions, which are intimately related to the classical Lie–Poisson structures on them. It is demonstrated that their compatibility condition coincides with the corresponding heavenly equation being considered. It is shown that all these equations originate in this way and can be represented as a Lax compatibility condition for specially constructed loop vector fields on the torus. The infinite hierarchy of conservations laws related to the heavenly equations is described, and its analytical structure connected with the Casimir invariants is mentioned. In addition, typical examples of such equations, demonstrating in detail their integrability via the scheme devised herein, are presented. The relationship of the very interesting Lagrange–d'Alembert type mechanical interpretation of the devised integrability scheme with the Lax–Sato equations is also discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)208-227
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Geometry and Physics
StatePublished - Oct 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mathematical Physics
  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Geometry and Topology


  • Heavenly equations
  • Lagrange–d'Alembert principle
  • Lax–Sato integrability
  • Lie–Poisson structure
  • Torus diffeomorphisms


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