The synthesis, comprehensive linear photophysical and photochemical study, two-photon absorption (2PA) spectrum, ultrafast relaxation kinetics in the excited states, and efficient superluminescence properties of a new symmetrical three-armed star-shaped squaraine derivative (1) are presented. The steady-state spectral parameters of 1 in a number of organic solvents, including fluorescence excitation anisotropy spectra, revealed a weak interaction between the squaraine branches and the effect of symmetry breaking in the ground electronic state. The degenerate 2PA spectrum of 1 was obtained over a broad spectral range with a maximum cross section of ∼8000 GM using the open aperture Z-scan technique. The nature of the fast dynamic processes in the excited electronic states of 1 was investigated by the femtosecond transient absorption pump-probe method, revealing characteristic relaxation times of ∼3-4 ps. The efficient superluminescence emission of 1 was observed in relatively low concentration solution (2.3·10-4 M) under femtosecond transverse pumping. A quantum-chemical study of 1 was performed using ZINDO/S//DFTB theory levels. Simulated 1PA and 2PA absorption spectra were found to be in a good agreement with experimental data. The figure of merit for 1 is ∼1011 GM,1 one of the highest values ever reported for two-photon fluorescence molecular probes, suggesting strong potential for its application in two-photon fluorescence microscopy and bioimaging.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films