LiveMap: Real-time dynamic map in automotive edge computing

Qiang Liu, Tao Han, Jiang Linda Xie, Baekgyu Kim

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Autonomous driving needs various line-of-sight sensors to perceive surroundings that could be impaired under diverse environment uncertainties such as visual occlusion and extreme weather. To improve driving safety, we explore to wirelessly share perception information among connected vehicles within automotive edge computing networks. Sharing massive perception data in real time, however, is challenging under dynamic networking conditions and varying computation work-loads. In this paper, we propose LiveMap, a real-time dynamic map, that detects, matches, and tracks objects on the road with crowdsourcing data from connected vehicles in sub-second. We develop the data plane of LiveMap that efficiently processes individual vehicle data with object detection, projection, feature extraction, object matching, and effectively integrates objects from multiple vehicles with object combination. We design the control plane of LiveMap that allows adaptive offloading of vehicle computations, and develop an intelligent vehicle scheduling and offloading algorithm to reduce the offloading latency of vehicles based on deep reinforcement learning (DRL) techniques. We implement LiveMap on a small-scale testbed and develop a large-scale network simulator. We evaluate the performance of LiveMap with both experiments and simulations, and the results show LiveMap reduces 34.1% average latency than the baseline solution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationINFOCOM 2021 - IEEE Conference on Computer Communications
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780738112817
DOIs
StatePublished - May 10 2021
Externally publishedYes
Event40th IEEE Conference on Computer Communications, INFOCOM 2021 - Vancouver, Canada
Duration: May 10 2021May 13 2021

Publication series

NameProceedings - IEEE INFOCOM
Volume2021-May
ISSN (Print)0743-166X

Conference

Conference40th IEEE Conference on Computer Communications, INFOCOM 2021
Country/TerritoryCanada
CityVancouver
Period5/10/215/13/21

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Computer Science
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Keywords

  • Automotive Edge Computing
  • Computation Offloading
  • CrowdSourcing
  • Dynamic Map

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