The local structure of superconducting single crystals of K 0.8Fe 1.6+xSe 2 with Tc = 32.6 K was studied by x-ray absorption spectroscopy. Near-edge spectra reveal that the average valence of Fe is 2+. The room temperature structure about the Fe, K, and Se sites was examined by iron, selenium, and potassium K-edge measurements. The structure about the Se and Fe sites shows a high degree of order in the nearest-neighbor Fe-Se bonds. On the other hand, the combined Se and K local structure measurements reveal a very high level of structural disorder in the K layers. Temperature-dependent measurements at the Fe sites show that the Fe-Se atomic correlation follows that of the Fe-As correlation in the superconductor LaFeAsO 0.89F 0.11, having the same effective Einstein temperature (stiffness). In K 0.8Fe 1.6+xSe 2, the nearest-neighbor Fe-Fe bonds have a lower Einstein temperature and higher structural disorder than in LaFeAsO 0.89F 0.11. The moderate Fe site and high K site structural disorder is consistent with the high normal state resistivity seen in this class of materials. For higher shells, an enhancement of the second-nearest-neighbor Fe-Fe correlation is found just below Tc, possibly due to changes in magnetic or local structural ordering.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - Jan 3 2012|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics