Localization by Fusing a Group of Fingerprints via Multiple Antennas in Indoor Environment

Xiansheng Guo, Nirwan Ansari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


Most existing fingerprints-based indoor localization approaches are based on some single fingerprint, such as received signal strength (RSS), channel impulse response, and signal subspace. However, the localization accuracy obtained by the single fingerprint approach is rather susceptible to the changing environment, multipath, and non-line-of-sight propagation. In this paper, we propose a novel localization framework by Fusing A Group Of fingerprinTs (FAGOT) via multiple antennas for the indoor environment. We first build a GrOup Of Fingerprints (GOOF), which includes five different fingerprints, namely, RSS, covariance matrix, signal subspace, fractional low-order moment, and fourth-order cumulant, which are obtained by different transformations of the received signals from multiple antennas in the offline stage. Then, we design a parallel GOOF multiple classifiers based on AdaBoost (GOOF-AdaBoost) to train each of these fingerprints in parallel as five strong multiple classifiers. In the online stage, we input the corresponding transformations of the real measurements into these strong classifiers to obtain independent decisions. Finally, we propose an efficient combination fusion algorithm, namely, MUltiple Classifiers mUltiple Samples (MUCUS) fusion algorithm to improve the accuracy of localization by combining the predictions of multiple classifiers with different samples. As compared with the single fingerprint approaches, our proposed approach can improve the accuracy and robustness of localization significantly. We demonstrate the feasibility and performance of the proposed algorithm through extensive simulations as well as via real experimental data using a Universal Software Radio Peripheral platform with four antennas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7990593
Pages (from-to)9904-9915
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Automotive Engineering


  • AdaBoost
  • group Of Fingerprints (GOOF)
  • multiple Classifiers mUltiple Samples (MUCUS) fusion localization
  • multiple antennas
  • universal software radio peripheral (USRP)


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