Lossless data hiding using histogram shifting method based on integer wavelets

Guorong Xuan, Qiuming Yao, Chengyun Yang, Jianjiong Gao, Peiqi Chai, Yun Q. Shi, Zhicheng Ni

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

100 Scopus citations


This paper1 proposes a histogram shifting method for image lossless data hiding in integer wavelet transform domain. This algorithm hides data into wavelet coefficients of high frequency subbands. It shifts a part of the histogram of high frequency wavelet subbands and thus embeds data by using the created histogram zero-point. This shifting process may be sequentially carried out if necessary. Histogram modification technique is applied to prevent overflow and underflow. The performance of this proposed technique in terms of the data embedding payload versus the visual quality of marked images is compared with that of the existing lossless data hiding methods implemented in the spatial domain, integer cosine transform domain, and integer wavelet transform domain. The experimental results have demonstrated the superiority of the proposed method over the existing methods. That is, the proposed method has a larger embedding payload in the same visual quality (measured by PSNR (peak signal noise ratio)) or has a higher PSNR in the same payload.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationDigital Watermarking - 5th International Workshop, IWDW 2006, Proceedings
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)3540488251, 9783540488255
StatePublished - 2006
Event5th International Workshop on Digital Watermarking, IWDW 2006 - Jeju Island, Korea, Republic of
Duration: Nov 8 2006Nov 10 2006

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume4283 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Other5th International Workshop on Digital Watermarking, IWDW 2006
Country/TerritoryKorea, Republic of
CityJeju Island

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • General Computer Science


  • Histogram shifting
  • Integer wavelets
  • Lossless data hiding


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