Lower extremity robotic exoskeleton devices for overground ambulation recovery in acquired brain injury—A review

Kiran K. Karunakaran, Sai D. Pamula, Caitlyn P. Bach, Eliana Legelen, Soha Saleh, Karen J. Nolan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Acquired brain injury (ABI) is a leading cause of ambulation deficits in the United States every year. ABI (stroke, traumatic brain injury and cerebral palsy) results in ambulation deficits with residual gait and balance deviations persisting even after 1 year. Current research is focused on evaluating the effect of robotic exoskeleton devices (RD) for overground gait and balance training. In order to understand the device effectiveness on neuroplasticity, it is important to understand RD effectiveness in the context of both downstream (functional, biomechanical and physiological) and upstream (cortical) metrics. The review identifies gaps in research areas and suggests recommendations for future research. We carefully delineate between the preliminary studies and randomized clinical trials in the interpretation of existing evidence. We present a comprehensive review of the clinical and pre-clinical research that evaluated therapeutic effects of RDs using various domains, diagnosis and stage of recovery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1014616
JournalFrontiers in Neurorobotics
Volume17
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Artificial Intelligence

Keywords

  • balance
  • cerebral palsy
  • gait
  • rehabilitation
  • robotic exoskeleton
  • stroke
  • traumatic brain injury

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Lower extremity robotic exoskeleton devices for overground ambulation recovery in acquired brain injury—A review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this