The Fourth Industrial Revolution, also known as Industry 4.0, marks the technological shift from traditional manufacturing systems to smart cyberphysical systems. It leads to an improvement in overall productivity and a reduction in environmental impact and promotes sustainable economic development. Industry 4.0 has been driven by emerging technologies such as the Internet of Things (IoT), also called the Industrial Internet of Things; digital twins; artificial intelligence; cloud computing; and edge/fog computing , , , , . It is a hot topic in both academia and industry. The implementation of IoT connects physical assets to cybernetworks and captures a significant amount of data. These data, often 'big', are then fed to AI-based mission-critical systems to perform production monitoring, quality inspection, fault root cause analysis, quality prediction, and process control. The proper adoption of relevant Industry 4.0 technologies should lead to significant efficiency improvements and cost reductions in various industrial sectors.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering