Magnetic energy release and transients in the solar flare of 2000 July 14

A. G. Kosovichev, V. V. Zharkova

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153 Scopus citations


High-resolution observations of a large solar flare on 2000 July 14 ("Bastille Day Flare") from the Michelson Doppler Imager instrument on the SOHO spacecraft reveal rapid variations of the magnetic field in the lower solar atmosphere during the flare. Some of these variations were irreversible, occurred in the vicinity of magnetic neutral lines, and likely were related to magnetic energy release in the flare. A surprising result is that these variations happened very rapidly on the scale of 10-15 minutes in a large area of ~50 Mm2 at the beginning of the flare. Other, more localized and impulsive magnetic field variations somewhat similar to "magnetic transients" observed by Zirin and coworkers were accompanied by impulses in continuum intensity and Doppler velocity. These impulses have dynamic characteristics similar to Ellerman's "bombs" and Severny's "mustaches" and were probably caused by high-energy particles bombarding the solar surface.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L105-L108
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1 PART 2
StatePublished - Mar 20 2001
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


  • Sun: X-rays, gamma rays
  • Sun: activity
  • Sun: flares
  • Sun: magnetic fields
  • Sun: particle emission
  • Sun: photosphere
  • Sunspots


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