Magnetic helicity change rate associated with three x-class eruptive flares

Y. J. Moon, Jongchul Chae, Haimin Wang, Y. D. Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


In this paper we have examined the temporal evolution of magnetic helicity change rate associated with three X-class eruptive flares that occured on November 24, 2000. By analyzing a set of 1 minute cadence high-resolution magnetograms taken by Michelson Doppler Imager (MDI) on board Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO), we have determined the rates of magnetic helicity transport via horizontal photospheric motions. Then we have compared the impulsive variations of helicity injection rate with an initial eruption speed profile of a filament associated with a X1.8 flare. As a result, we have found (1) that the impulsive variations of magnetic helicity change rate were strongly correlated with only three X-class flarings, (2) that the eruption of the filament started about 10 minutes before the impulsive variation of the helicity change rate, and (3) that horizontal velocity kernels were located between Hα two flaring ribbons. Thus we suggest that the observed impulsive helicity change is not a cause of the eruptive solar flare but its result, i.e., photospheric response to the coronal field restructuring.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1953-1958
Number of pages6
JournalAdvances in Space Research
Issue number10
StatePublished - 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Geophysics
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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