Magnetic Reconnection Null Points as the Origin of Semirelativistic Electron Beams in a Solar Jet

Bin Chen, Sijie Yu, Marina Battaglia, Samaiyah Farid, Antonia Savcheva, Katharine K. Reeves, Säm Krucker, T. S. Bastian, Fan Guo, Svetlin Tassev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Magnetic reconnection, the central engine that powers explosive phenomena throughout the universe, is also perceived to be one of the principal mechanisms for accelerating particles to high energies. Although various signatures of magnetic reconnection have been frequently reported, observational evidence that links particle acceleration directly to the reconnection site has been rare, especially for space plasma environments currently inaccessible to in situ measurements. Here we utilize broadband radio dynamic imaging spectroscopy available from the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array to observe decimetric type III radio bursts in a solar jet with high angular (∼20″), spectral (∼1%), and temporal resolution (50 ms). These observations allow us to derive detailed trajectories of semirelativistic (tens of keV) electron beams in the low solar corona with unprecedentedly high angular precision (<0.″65). We found that each group of electron beams, which corresponds to a cluster of type III bursts with 1-2 s duration, diverges from an extremely compact region (∼600 km2) in the low solar corona. The beam-diverging sites are located behind the erupting jet spire and above the closed arcades, coinciding with the presumed location of magnetic reconnection in the jet eruption picture supported by extreme ultraviolet/X-ray data and magnetic modeling. We interpret each beam-diverging site as a reconnection null point where multitudes of magnetic flux tubes join and reconnect. Our data suggest that the null points likely consist of a high level of density inhomogeneities possibly down to 10 km scales. These results, at least in the present case, strongly favor a reconnection-driven electron-acceleration scenario.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number62
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume866
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 10 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Keywords

  • Sun: corona
  • Sun: flares
  • Sun: radio radiation
  • acceleration of particles
  • agnetic reconnection

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