Magnon and electromagnon excitations in multiferroic DyFe O3

T. N. Stanislavchuk, Yazhong Wang, Y. Janssen, G. L. Carr, S. W. Cheong, A. A. Sirenko

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Abstract

Optical properties of orthorhombic DyFeO3 single crystals have been studied in the far-infrared spectral range of 11-120cm-1 at temperatures between 1.5 and 50 K and in magnetic fields up to 7 T. The temperature and magnetic-field dependencies of the antiferromagnetic (AFM) resonance spectra have been measured below and above the AFM ordering temperature of Dy3+ moments with TNDy=4.2K. Hardening of the quasiferromagnetic mode frequency of the AFM resonance due to ordering of Dy3+ moments is observed. Below TNDy two electric dipole-active magnetic excitations, or electromagnons, appear in the spectra at ∼20 and ∼50cm-1. The electromagnons vanish with the application of a strong magnetic field along the a or b axis which changes the magnetic structures of Fe3+ and Dy3+ moments into the ones compatible with the spatial inversion symmetry. We show that the electromagnon at ∼20cm-1 provides a significant contribution to the static electric permittivity ε. The energies of the electromagnons as well as static electric permittivity manifest a strong hysteresis upon cycling of an external magnetic field at T<TNDy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number094403
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume93
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 4 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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