Managing disconnected mobile nodes in a delay tolerant network with half routing protocol

Anika Aziz, Md Enamul Haque, Cristian Borcea, Yasser Kamal Hassan, Shigeki Yamada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Delay and Disruption Tolerant Networks (DTN) can provide an underlying base to support mobility environments. DTN is equipped with advanced features such as custody transfer and hop by hop routing which can tackle the frequent disconnections of mobile devices by buffering bundles and dynamically making hop-by-hop routing decisions under intermittent connectivity environment. In this paper, we have proposed a DTN routing protocol HALF (Handoff-based And Limited Flooding) which can manage and improve performance of disrupted and challenging communication between mobile nodes in the presence of an infrastructure network consisting of fixed interconnected nodes (routers). HALF makes use of the general handoff mechanisms intended for the IP network, in a DTN way and also integrates a limited flooding technique to it. Simulation results show that HALF attains better performance than other existing DTN routing protocols under diverse network conditions. As the traffic intensity changes from low to high, delivery ratio of other DTN routing protocols decreased by 50% to 75% whereas in HALF such ratio is reduced by less than 5%. HALF can deliver about 3 times more messages than the other protocols when the disrupted network has to deal with larger size of messages. If we calculate the overhead ratio in terms of 'how many extra (successful) transfer' is needed for each delivery, HALF gives less than 20% overhead ratio while providing a good delivery ratio.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1691-1705
Number of pages15
JournalIEICE Transactions on Communications
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • Custody transfer
  • DTN
  • HALF
  • Hop-by-hop routing


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