Mapping Progressive Gray Matter Alterations in Early Childhood Autistic Brain

Xiaonan Guo, Xujun Duan, John Suckling, Jia Wang, Xiaodong Kang, Heng Chen, Bharat B. Biswal, Jing Cao, Changchun He, Jinming Xiao, Xinyue Huang, Runshi Wang, Shaoqiang Han, Yun Shuang Fan, Jing Guo, Jingping Zhao, Lijie Wu, Huafu Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Autism spectrum disorder is an early-onset neurodevelopmental condition. This study aimed to investigate the progressive structural alterations in the autistic brain during early childhood. Structural magnetic resonance imaging scans were examined in a cross-sectional sample of 67 autistic children and 63 demographically matched typically developing (TD) children, aged 2-7 years. Voxel-based morphometry and a general linear model were used to ascertain the effects of diagnosis, age, and a diagnosis-by-age interaction on the gray matter volume. Causal structural covariance network analysis was performed to map the interregional influences of brain structural alterations with increasing age. The autism group showed spatially distributed increases in gray matter volume when controlling for age-related effects, compared with TD children. A significant diagnosis-by-age interaction effect was observed in the fusiform face area (FFA, Fpeak = 13.57) and cerebellum/vermis (Fpeak = 12.73). Compared with TD children, the gray matter development of the FFA in autism displayed altered influences on that of the social brain network regions (false discovery rate corrected, P < 0.05). Our findings indicate the atypical neurodevelopment of the FFA in the autistic brain during early childhood and highlight altered developmental effects of this region on the social brain network.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1500-1510
Number of pages11
JournalCerebral Cortex
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2021
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


  • Granger causality
  • autism spectrum disorder
  • gray matter volume
  • neurodevelopment
  • structural magnetic resonance imaging


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