This paper addresses the problem of inventory penalty pricing under the risk-neutral valuation principle. The underlying production-inventory system has a constant replenishment rate and a compound renewal demand stream (i.e., iid demand interarrival times are independent of iid demand sizes), and is subject to underage and overage penalties. Our pricing approach treats the penalties as a series of perpetual American options, and constructs auxiliary martingale processes in term of the inventory process. We provide a necessary and sufficient martingale condition for general compound renewal demands. Explicit expressions of penalty functions for underage and overage are obtained for the case where demand arrivals follow a Poisson process.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Decision Sciences(all)
- Management Science and Operations Research
- Inventory penalty functions
- Risk-neutral pricing