Melting and oxidation of nanometer size aluminum powders

Mikhaylo A. Trunov, Swati Umbrajkar, Mirko Schoenitz, Joseph T. Mang, Edward L. Dreizin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recently, nanometer-sized aluminum powders became available commercially and their use as potential additives to propellants, explosives, and pyrotechnics has attracted significant interest. It has been suggested that very low melting temperatures are expected for nano-sized aluminum powders and that such low melting temperatures could accelerate oxidation and trigger ignition much earlier than for regular, micron-sized aluminum powders. The objective of this work was to investigate experimentally the melting and oxidation behavior of nano-sized aluminum powders. Powder samples with three different nominal sizes of 44, 80, and 121 nm were provided by Nanotechnologies Inc. The particle size distributions were measured using small angle x-ray scattering. Melting was studied by differential scanning calorimetry where the powders were heated from room temperature to 750°C in argon environment. Thermogravimetric analysis was used to measure the mass increase indicative of oxidation while the powders were heated in an oxygen-argon gas mixture. The measured melting curves were compared to those computed using the experimental particle size distributions and thermodynamic models describing the melting temperature and enthalpy as functions of the particle size. The melting behavior predicted by different models correlated with the experimental observations only qualitatively. Characteristic step-wise oxidation was observed for all studied nanopowders. The observed oxidation behavior was well interpreted considering the recently established kinetics of oxidation of micron-sized aluminum powders. No correlation was found between the melting and oxidation of aluminum nanopowders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMultifunctional Energetic Materials
Pages171-176
Number of pages6
StatePublished - Jun 2 2006
Event2005 Materials Research Society Fall Meeting - Boston, MA, United States
Duration: Nov 28 2005Dec 1 2005

Publication series

NameMaterials Research Society Symposium Proceedings
Volume896
ISSN (Print)0272-9172

Other

Other2005 Materials Research Society Fall Meeting
CountryUnited States
CityBoston, MA
Period11/28/0512/1/05

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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