Manufacturers of membrane filters have an interest in optimizing the internal pore structure of the membrane to achieve the most efficient filtration. As filtration occurs, the membrane becomes fouled by impurities in the feed solution, and any effective model of filter performance must account for this. In this paper, we present a simplified mathematical model, which (i) characterizes membrane internal pore structure via permeability or resistance gradients in the depth of the membrane; (ii) accounts for multiple membrane fouling mechanisms (adsorption, blocking, and cake formation); (iii) defines a measure of filter performance; and (iv) for given operating conditions, is able to predict the optimum permeability or resistance profile for the chosen performance measure.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computational Mechanics
- Modeling and Simulation
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes