Memoryless relay strategies for two-way relay channels

Tao Cui, Tracey Ho, Jörg Kliewer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

76 Scopus citations


We propose relaying strategies for uncoded two-way relay channels, where two terminals transmit simultaneously to each other with the help of a relay. In particular, we consider a memoryless system, where the signal transmitted by the relay is obtained by applying an instantaneous relay function to the previously received signal. For binary antipodal signaling, a class of so called absolute (abs)-based schemes is proposed in which the processing at the relay is solely based on the absolute value of the received signal. We analyze and optimize the symbol-error performance of existing and new abs-based and non-abs-based strategies under an average power constraint, including abs-based and non-abs-based versions of amplify and forward (AF), detect and forward (DF), and estimate and forward (EF). Additionally, we optimize the relay function via functional analysis such that the average probability of error is minimized at the high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) regime. The optimized relay function is shown to be a Lambert W function parameterized on the noise power and the transmission energy. The optimized function behaves like abs-AF at low SNR and like abs-DF at high SNR, respectively; EF behaves similarly to the optimized function over the whole SNR range. We find the conditions under which each class of strategies is preferred. Finally, we show that all these results can also be generalized to higher order constellations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3132-3143
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Communications
Issue number10
StatePublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • Functional analysis
  • Two-way channel
  • Wireless relay networks


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