Metal/Polymer/Metal Sandwich Systems: An Overview

Adele Carradò, N. M. Ravindra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A metal/polymer/metal sandwich can combine the benefits of individual materials with desirable properties and functionalities. They are commonly used in aviation and automotive industries. They provide the desired mechanical strength, high elasticity, and light weight, which also makes them suitable for biomedical prostheses by bridging the gap between implants and human tissues. However, epoxy resins, generally used for bonding the individual layers in industrial applications, are detrimental to biomedical applications. Therefore, it is essential to replace epoxy resins with a biocompatible interlayer to ensure both biocompatibility and faultless adhesion by a strong covalent bond. The interest in this material configuration has surged since the early work by Palkowski in this field. This study offers an encompassing view of metal/polymer/metal sandwich systems and delves into a comprehensive discussion about their diverse applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5126-5140
Number of pages15
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering


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