Method for Inkjet-Printing PEDOT:PSS Polymer Electrode Arrays on Piezoelectric PVDF-TrFE Fibers

Andrew Closson, Haley Richards, Zhe Xu, Congran Jin, Lin Dong, John X.J. Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


We present a method for printing conductive polymers onto P(VDF-TrFE) nanofibers to create all-polymer piezoelectric devices. Inkjet printing is an attractive fabrication approach for rapid prototyping of flexible electronics, but until now with limited applications in developing P(VDF-TrFE) nanofiber-based devices. We have demonstrated an approach to infill the void space within a piezoelectric nanofibrous matrix to allow for the inkjet printing of aqueous inks while avoiding leakage that typically leads to electrical shorting and without significant loss of voltage output. This was done using a diluted PDMS solution and a commercially available conductive ink. The 1 cm2 devices showed a 254 mV/N sensitivity to impact as well as a sensitivity to bending. The device was shown to be able to detect breathing and pulse rate when placed superficially to the carotid and radial arteries. Using these techniques, flexible piezoelectric sensing can be done in an array format, shown with applications in foot movement sensing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)26277-26285
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Sensors Journal
Issue number23
StatePublished - Dec 1 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • Electrospinning
  • flexible electronics
  • inkjet printing


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