Microscopic modeling of attention-based movement behaviors

Danrui Li, Mathew Schwartz, Samuel S. Sohn, Sejong Yoon, Vladimir Pavlovic, Mubbasir Kapadia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


For transportation hubs, leveraging pedestrian flows for commercial activities presents an effective strategy for funding maintenance and infrastructure improvements. However, this introduces new challenges, as consumer behaviors can disrupt pedestrian flow and efficiency. To optimize both retail potential and pedestrian efficiency, careful strategic planning in store layout and facility dimensions was done by expert judgement due to the complexity in pedestrian dynamics in the retail areas of transportation hubs. This paper introduces an attention-based movement model to simulate these dynamics. By simulating retail potential of an area through the duration of visual attention it receives, and pedestrian efficiency via speed loss in pedestrian walking behaviors, the study further explores how design features can influence the retail potential and pedestrian efficiency in a bi-directional corridor inside a transportation hub.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number104583
JournalTransportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies
StatePublished - May 2024
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Automotive Engineering
  • Transportation
  • Management Science and Operations Research


  • Architectural design
  • Pedestrian dynamics
  • Retail environment
  • Transportation hubs
  • Visual attention


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