The recruitment of immune cells during inflammation is regulated by a multi-step cascade of cell rolling, activation, adhesion and transmigration through the endothelial barrier. Similarly, hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) use this pathway to migrate and home to the bone marrow. After selectin-mediated braking, HSPCs migrate on adhesion ligands presented by the vascular endothelium including ICAM-1, VCAM-1 or MAdCAM-1. Here, we report that both the KG1a stem cell line and primary bone marrow CD34+ HSPCs can migrate against the direction of fluid flow on surfaces coated with cell adhesion molecules (CAMs), a behavior thus far only reported in T lymphocytes. We demonstrate that KG1a cells and primary HSPCs migrate upstream on surfaces presenting ICAM-1, downstream on surfaces presenting VCAM-1, and both upstream and downstream on surfaces presenting MAdCAM-1. In addition, we demonstrate that KG1a cells and HSPCs display upstream migration both on surfaces with multiple CAMs, as well as on human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) monolayers. By blocking with monoclonal antibodies, we show that lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) is the key receptor responsible for upstream migration on the endothelium during the trafficking of HSPCs to the bone marrow.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology
- Cell migration
- Hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell