MIMO radar: An idea whose time has come

Eran Fishler, Alex Haimovich, Rick Blum, Dmitry Chizhik, Len Cimini, Reinaldo Valenzuela

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

1623 Scopus citations


It has been recently shown that multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) antenna systems have the potential to dramatically improve the performance of communication systems over single antenna systems. Unlike beamforming, which presumes a high correlation between signals either transmitted or received by an array, the MIMO concept exploits the independence between signals at the array elements. In conventional radar, target scintillations are regarded as a nuisance parameter that degrades radar performance. The novelty of MIMO radar is that it takes the opposite view, namely, it capitalizes on target scintillations to improve the radar's performance. In this paper, we introduce the MIMO concept for radar. The MIMO radar system under consideration consists of a transmit array with widely-spaced elements such that each views a different aspect of the target. The array at the receiver is a conventional array used for direction finding (DF). The system performance analysis is carried out in terms of the Cramer-Rao bound of the mean-square error in estimating the target direction. It is shown that MIMO radar leads to significant performance improvement in DF accuracy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages8
StatePublished - 2004
EventProceedings of the IEEE Radar Conference - Philadelphia, PA, United States
Duration: Apr 26 2004Apr 29 2004


OtherProceedings of the IEEE Radar Conference
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityPhiladelphia, PA

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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