Mineralization of 2-chlorophenol by P. Chrysosporium using different reactor designs

P. M. Armenante, G. Lewandowski, I. Ul-Haq

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


The white rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium was utilized for the degradation of a model chlorinated organic compound, i.e., 2-chlorophenol, using three different reactor configurations: a batch fermenter, a chemostatic reactor with the fungus immobilized on a silica-based porous biocatalyst support, and a packed-bed reactor where the fungus was immobilized on balsa wood particles. A comparison of the effectiveness of these reactor configurations was made by determining the overall first-order kinetic rate constant for the degradation process for each one of the reactors. The packed-bed reactor proved to be the most effective configuration examined in this study because of the low shear and the presence of a solid support. Therefore, this type of reactor was studied in greater detail. In the packed-bed reactor oxygen was supplied by either sparged air or hydrogen peroxide additions. The degradation process was followed by taking samples from five different ports mounted alongside the packed-bed column. Glucose, nitrogen, 2-chlorophenol, chloride ion, and ligninolytic enzyme concentrations were measured in each sample. In this reactor the fungus was able to mineralize 2-chlorophenol in concentrations up to 500 ppm. About 80% to 94% of the chlorine initially present in the 2- chlorophenol fed to the system was recovered as chloride ion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)213-229
Number of pages17
JournalHazardous Waste and Hazardous Materials
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1992

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Toxicology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution


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