Minimization of NO during staged combustion of CH3NH2

Fuhe Mao, Robert B. Barat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Monomethylamine (CH3NH2), serving as a source of fuel-bound nitrogen, has been burned in air with ethylene (C2H4), the primary fuel, in a two stage turbulent flow reactor. The NO emission from the first stage dramatically decreased as the fuel equivalence ratio (φ) was increased. For fuel-rich feeds, air was injected into the secondary stage to achieve an overall fuel-lean system φ. Optimum fuel-rich feed values (φ(m)) were identified which yielded minimum NO emissions from the second stage. These φ(m) values are a function of the CH3NH2 concentration in the feed. Compared with an all fuel-lean base case, the NO emission was reduced by at least 60% with staged combustion. Two elementary reaction mechanisms, drawn from the literature, have been used with a two-zone reactor model to successfully simulate the experimental data. Rate-or-production analyses, based upon the successful modeling, have illuminated the key pathways to NO formation and destruction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)557-568
Number of pages12
JournalCombustion and Flame
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jun 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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