Mitigation of flow-induced pressure fluctuations in a Francis turbine operating at the design and partial load regimes—LES simulations

Muhannad Altimemy, Bashar Attiya, C. Daskiran, I. H. Liu, Alparslan Oztekin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

High-fidelity large eddy simulations (LES) were conducted to characterize the spatial and temporal structure of turbulent flows in an industrial-sized Francis turbine while the unit operated at the design point and partial load. A pressure surge with an amplitude of 8% of the turbine head was observed at partial load while the amplitude was <1% at the design point. The vortex rope precession observed in the draft tube correlated to the amplitude and frequency of the pressure surge. Central and peripheral water injections at various volumetric rates were considered to control the flow-induced pressure fluctuations. Central injection at the 4% and 6% flow rates attenuated high amplitude pressure fluctuations by 40% and 75% respectively at partial load. At the same operating conditions, peripheral injections did not have the same desired effect. Although power generation was not changed with water injection at the design point, it was reduced by about 2.5% by central injection and 0.5% by peripheral injection at partial load, showing a water injection mitigation strategy could be applied without any penalty.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number108444
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow
Volume79
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

Keywords

  • Design and partial load regime
  • Francis turbine
  • Large eddy simulations
  • Mitigation
  • Pressure surge
  • Water injection

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