Modelling and performance evaluation of explosive storage policies in internet fulfilment warehouses

Sevilay Onal, Jingran Zhang, Sanchoy Das

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Internet Fulfilment Warehouses (IFWs) are designed to exclusively process online retail orders. An observational study reveals that IFW operating and design attributes are significantly different from traditional warehouses in their storage and fulfilment policies. Specifically, we identify six IFW differentiators: explosive storage, very large number of beehive storage locations, bins with commingled SKUs, immediate fulfilment, short picking routes with single unit picks and high transactions with total digital control. Explosive storage of incoming bulk allows for faster fulfilment of customer orders often within a few hours. A new IFW control model is developed. This describes the associated receiving and fulfilment flows. Two decision algorithms for generating (i) a stocking list and (ii) an order picking list are presented. A simulation model was built to evaluate the fulfilment performance of the explosive policy. Experimental runs on a problem with 400 SKUs, 3240 bins and 22,000 customer orders over nine days are reported. Results show that increasing levels of explosion reduce the linear fulfilment time by as much as 16%, confirming the IFW storage policy is advantageous. The results also show that fulfilment time behaviour is convex as a function of the maximum number of stops allowed by the picking algorithm parameter.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5902-5915
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Production Research
Issue number20
StatePublished - Oct 18 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Strategy and Management
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


  • e-commerce
  • order picking methods
  • retail supply chain
  • warehouse design
  • warehousing systems


Dive into the research topics of 'Modelling and performance evaluation of explosive storage policies in internet fulfilment warehouses'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this