Modular Meta-Learning for Power Control via Random Edge Graph Neural Networks

Ivana Nikoloska, Osvaldo Simeone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this paper, we consider the problem of power control for a wireless network with an arbitrarily time-varying topology, including the possible addition or removal of nodes. A data-driven design methodology that leverages graph neural networks (GNNs) is adopted in order to efficiently parametrize the power control policy mapping the channel state information (CSI) to transmit powers. The specific GNN architecture, known as random edge GNN (REGNN), defines a non-linear graph convolutional filter whose spatial weights are tied to the channel coefficients. While prior work assumed a joint training approach whereby the REGNN-based policy is shared across all topologies, this paper targets adaptation of the power control policy based on limited CSI data regarding the current topology. To this end, we propose a novel modular meta-learning technique that enables the efficient optimization of module assignment. While black-box meta-learning optimizes a general-purpose adaptation procedure via (stochastic) gradient descent, modular meta-learning finds a set of reusable modules that can form components of a solution for any new network topology. Numerical results validate the benefits of meta-learning for power control problems over joint training schemes, and demonstrate the advantages of modular meta-learning when data availability is extremely limited.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)457-470
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics

Keywords

  • Meta-learning
  • graph neural networks
  • resource allocation

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