Modulation of Multiunit Spike Activity by Transcranial AC Stimulation (tACS) in the Rat Cerebellar Cortex

Ahmet S. Asan, Mesut Sahin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Transcranial electrical stimulation (tES) techniques have garnered significant interest due to their non-invasiveness and potential to offer a treatment option in a wide variety of brain disorders. Among several modulation techniques, transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS) is favored for its ability to entrain the neural oscillations. The cerebellum is one of the targeted sites because of its involvement in motor and cognitive functions. However, animal studies are lacking in the literature looking into the mechanism of action in cerebellar tACS. In this study, we used a rat model and monitored the activity of the cerebellar cortex, which sculpts the cerebellar output by adjusting the firing rate and timing of the neurons in the deep cerebellar nuclei (DCN). For neural recording, a tungsten electrode was inserted into the cerebellar cortex through a craniotomy hole located over the right paramedian lobule (PML). A helical Ag/AgCl wire electrode was placed atop the skull near the caudal edge to inject a 1 Hz biphasic sinusoidal current. Our results showed that the multiunit activity (MUA) of the cerebellar cortex was strongly modulated by tACS. The negative phase of the electric current enhanced the neural firing rate while the positive phase suppressed the activity. Furthermore, the spike rate showed modulation by the instantaneous strength of the injected current within the sinusoidal cycle. This warrants research to further look into the mechanism of tACS acting on the cerebellar cortex at the cellular level.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2019 41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2019
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages5192-5195
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781538613115
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2019
Externally publishedYes
Event41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2019 - Berlin, Germany
Duration: Jul 23 2019Jul 27 2019

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
ISSN (Print)1557-170X

Conference

Conference41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2019
Country/TerritoryGermany
CityBerlin
Period7/23/197/27/19

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics

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