Molecular modeling of σ1 receptor ligands: A model of binding conformational and electrostatic considerations

Tamara M. Gund, Jie Floyd, Dawoon Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have performed molecular modeling studies on several σ1 specific ligands, including PD144418, spipethiane, haloperidol, pentazocine, and others to develop a pharmacophore for σ1 receptor-ligand binding, under the assumption that all the compounds interact at the same receptor binding site. The modeling studies have investigated the conformational and electrostatic properties of the ligands. Superposition of active molecules gave the coordinates of the hypothetical 5-point σ1 pharmacophore, as follows: R1 (0.85, 7.26, 0.30); R2 (5.47, 2.40, -1.51); R3 (-2.57, 4.82, -7.10); N (-0.71, 3.29, -6.40); carbon centroid (3.16, 4.83, -0.60), where R1, R2 were constructed onto the aromatic ring of each compound to represent hydrophobic interactions with the receptor; and R3 represents a hydrogen bond between the nitrogen atom and the receptor. Additional analyses were used to describe secondary binding sites to electronegative groups such as oxygen or sulfur atom. Those coordinates are (2.34, 5.08, -4.18). The model was verified by fitting other σ1 receptor ligands. This model may be used to search conformational databases for other possibly active ligands. In conjunction with rational drug design techniques the model may be useful in design and synthesis of novel σ1 ligands of high selectivity and potency. Calculations were performed using Sybyl 6.5.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)221-230
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Molecular Graphics and Modelling
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Spectroscopy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Materials Chemistry

Keywords

  • Pharmacophore
  • Sybyl
  • σ1 ligand
  • σ1 receptor

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