Monte Carlo estimation of economic capital

Zachary T. Kaplan, Yajuan Li, Marvin K. Nakayama

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations


Economic capital (EC) is a risk measure that has been used by financial firms to help determine capital levels to hold to protect (with high probability) against large unexpected losses of credit portfolios. Given a stochastic model for a portfolio's loss over a given time horizon, the EC is defined as the difference between a quantile and the mean of the loss distribution. We describe Monte Carlo methods for estimating the EC. We apply measure-specific importance sampling to separately estimate the two components of the EC, which can lead to much smaller variance than when estimating both terms simultaneously. We provide Bahadur-type representations for our estimators of the EC, which we further exploit to establish central limit theorems and asymptotically valid confidence intervals. We present numerical results for a simple model to demonstrate the effectiveness of our approaches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationWSC 2018 - 2018 Winter Simulation Conference
Subtitle of host publicationSimulation for a Noble Cause
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9781538665725
StatePublished - Jul 2 2018
Event2018 Winter Simulation Conference, WSC 2018 - Gothenburg, Sweden
Duration: Dec 9 2018Dec 12 2018

Publication series

NameProceedings - Winter Simulation Conference
ISSN (Print)0891-7736


Conference2018 Winter Simulation Conference, WSC 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Computer Science Applications


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