Magnetic nanostructures have potential applications in ultrahigh-density magnetic storage. In this paper, the dynamics of the dual magnetic vortices in elliptical Permalloy nanodisk are investigated using micromagnetic modeling. Under the stimulation of the short-axis (y -axis) Gaussian field pulse and long-axis (x -axis) constant field, the equilibrium positions of dual-vortex cores can be driven away from the initial positions. The displacement in the y -direction is proportional to the magnitude of the x -axis constant field. The displacement in the x -direction exhibit periodic reliance on the pulsewidth of the y -axis Gaussian field pulse. The threshold value of pulse strength for dual-vortex motion increases with the magnitude of the x -axis constant field. The mechanism of polarity and chirality switching in dual-vortex cores are studied through analyzing the trajectories of vortex cores in the annihilation and nucleation processes. The switching of polarity exhibits an oscillatory dependence on the pulsewidth and strength. The minimum pulse strength required for chirality switching is 120 mT, while the corresponding pulsewidth is influenced by the x -axis constant field. This paper provides insights on the magnetization dynamics of nanostructures containing dual vortices subject to external excitations.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Dual-vortex cores
- micromagnetic simulation
- vortex-core motion
- vortex-core switching