Multi-Objective Optimized Cloudlet Deployment and Task Offloading for Mobile Edge Computing

Xiaojian Zhu, Meng Chu Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Mobile edge computing provides an effective approach to reducing the workload of smart devices and the network delay induced by data transfer through deploying computational resources in the proximity of the devices. In a mobile edge computing system, it is of great importance to improve the quality of experience of users and reduce the deployment cost for service providers. This paper investigates a joint cloudlet deployment and task offloading problem with the objectives of minimizing energy consumption and task response delay of users and the number of deployed cloudlets. Since it is a multi-objective optimization problem, a set of tradeoff solutions ought to be found. After formulating this problem as a mixed integer nonlinear program and proving its NP-completeness, we propose a modified guided population archive whale optimization algorithm to solve it. The superiority of our devised algorithm over other methods is confirmed through extensive simulations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalIEEE Internet of Things Journal
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Signal Processing
  • Information Systems
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications


  • Cloud computing
  • Delays
  • Edge computing
  • Energy consumption
  • Internet of Things
  • Internet of Things.
  • Mobile edge computing
  • Optimization
  • Task analysis
  • communication
  • multi-objective optimization
  • offloading


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