Multi-reference time-frequency active control of vehicle interior road noise

Tao Feng, Guohua Sun, Mingfeng Li, Teik C. Lim

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Scopus citations


Active noise control (ANC) technique has been successfully implemented by various automotive manufacturers to interior powertrain noise cancellation and/or sound management. For the powertrain noise control, the ANC system only requires one reference signal (typically using tachometer signal) due to the fact that the powertrain response is functionally related to the engine rotational speed. Instead, the multi-reference ANC system is often required for the road noise control since the multiple-coherence between the reference accelerometer signals and the target noise must be guaranteed to yield an acceptable control performance. However, the adoption of traditional multi-reference filtered-x least mean square (FXLMS) algorithm for road noise ANC often leads to a large computational burden and slow convergence rate due to the long length of adaptive filter and a huge dynamic range of the filtered reference signal. To address these problems, road noise ANC systems configured with the time-frequency domain FXLMS (TF-FXLMS) algorithm and subband FXLMS (SFXLMS) algorithm are developed, where the adaptive algorithm either calculates the gradient estimate and filtered reference signal in the frequency domain or subband frequency domain to reduce the computational requirement and also updates the control signals in the time domain to avoid delay in the reference path. Then, a comprehensive computational complexity analysis is conducted to exhibit the computational cost for different algorithms. The effectiveness of the different algorithms will be demonstrated through an ANC system with eight accelerometers, one secondary loudspeaker, and one error microphone in the driver side to control actual road noise.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationStructural Health Monitoring, Damage Detection
EditorsAlfred Wicks, Christopher Niezrecki
PublisherSpringer New York LLC
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9783319299556
StatePublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes
Event34th IMAC, A Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics, 2016 - Orlando, United States
Duration: Jan 25 2016Jan 28 2016

Publication series

NameConference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series
ISSN (Print)2191-5644
ISSN (Electronic)2191-5652


Conference34th IMAC, A Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics, 2016
Country/TerritoryUnited States

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Engineering
  • Computational Mechanics
  • Mechanical Engineering


  • Active noise control
  • FXLMS algorithm
  • Road noise
  • Subband FXLMS algorithm
  • Time-frequency FXLMS algorithm


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