Multi-swarm Genetic Gray Wolf Optimizer with Embedded Autoencoders for High-dimensional Expensive Problems

Jing Bi, Jiahui Zhai, Haitao Yuan, Ziqi Wang, Junfei Qiao, Jia Zhang, Meng Chu Zhou

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Scopus citations


High-dimensional expensive problems are often encountered in the design and optimization of complex robotic and automated systems and distributed computing systems, and they suffer from a time-consuming fitness evaluation process. It is extremely challenging and difficult to produce promising solutions in a high-dimensional search space. This work proposes an evolutionary optimization framework with embedded autoencoders that effectively solve optimization problems with high-dimensional search space. Autoencoders provide strong dimension reduction and feature extraction abilities that compress a high-dimensional space to an informative low-dimensional one. Search operations are performed in a low-dimensional space, thereby guiding whole population to converge to the optimal solution more efficiently. Multiple subpopulations coevolve iteratively in a distributed manner. One subpopulation is embedded by an autoencoder, and the other one is guided by a newly proposed Multi-swarm Gray-wolf-optimizer based on Genetic-learning (MGG). Thus, the proposed multi-swarm framework is named Autoencoder-based MGG (AMGG). AMGG consists of three proposed strategies that balance exploration and exploitation abilities, i.e., a dynamic subgroup number strategy for reducing the number of subpopulations, a subpopulation reorganization strategy for sharing useful information about each subpopulation, and a purposeful detection strategy for escaping from local optima and improving exploration ability. AMGG is compared with several widely used algorithms by solving benchmark problems and a real-life optimization one. The results well verify that AMGG outperforms its peers in terms of search accuracy and convergence efficiency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - ICRA 2023
Subtitle of host publicationIEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9798350323658
StatePublished - 2023
Event2023 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, ICRA 2023 - London, United Kingdom
Duration: May 29 2023Jun 2 2023

Publication series

NameProceedings - IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation
ISSN (Print)1050-4729


Conference2023 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, ICRA 2023
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Artificial Intelligence


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