Multislot estimation of frequency-selective fast-varying channels

Monica Nicoli, Osvaldo Simeone, Umberto Spagnolini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

In mobile communications, the movement of terminals renders the multipath channel time varying. Even though the faded amplitudes are fast varying, the delays can be considered as stationary on a large temporal scale. In this paper, we propose a new subspace-based method that estimates the channel response from multiple slots by capitalizing on these different varying rates without explicitly computing the delays of the multipath. The temporal subspace is obtained from multiple single-slot training-based estimates of the (single-user or multiuser) channel response. Provided that the number of slots is large enough, the time basis can be calculated with any accuracy. As a consequence, the mean-square error on the channel response depends only on the number of fast-varying parameters that have to be estimated in a slot-by-slot fashion. Performance analysis and simulations confirm the expected benefits of the multislot approach in improving the efficiency of systems with short training sequences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1337-1347
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Communications
Volume51
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2003
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Keywords

  • Code-division multiple access (CDMA)
  • Delay estimation
  • Fading channels
  • Multipath channels
  • Multiuser channels
  • Reduced rank processing
  • Subspace tracking
  • Time-division multiple access (TDMA)
  • Time-varying channels
  • Training

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