Multistatic cloud radar systems: Joint sensing and communication design

Seongah Jeong, Shahrouz Khalili, Osvaldo Simeone, Alexander Haimovich, Joonhyuk Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


In a multistatic cloud radar system, receive sensors measure signals sent by a transmit element and reflected from a target and possibly clutter, in the presence of interference and noise. The receive sensors communicate over non-ideal backhaul links with a fusion center, or cloud processor, where the presence or absence of the target is determined. The backhaul architecture can be characterized either by an orthogonal-access channel or by a non-orthogonal multiple-access channel. Two backhaul transmission strategies are considered, namely, compress-and-forward (CF), which is well suited for the orthogonal-access backhaul, and amplify-and-forward (AF), which leverages the superposition property of the non-orthogonal multiple-access channel. In this paper, the joint optimization of the sensing and backhaul communication functions of the cloud radar system is studied. Specifically, the transmitted waveform is jointly optimized with backhaul quantization in the case of CF backhaul transmission and with the amplifying gains of the sensors for the AF backhaul strategy. In both cases, the information-theoretic criterion of the Bhattacharyya distance is adopted as a metric for the detection performance. Algorithmic solutions based on successive convex approximation are developed under different assumptions on the available channel state information. Numerical results demonstrate that the proposed schemes outperform conventional solutions that perform separate optimizations of the waveform and backhaul operation, as well as the standard distributed detection approach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)716-730
Number of pages15
JournalTransactions on Emerging Telecommunications Technologies
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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