Multiwavelength study of flow fields in flaring super active region NOAA 10486

Na Deng, Yan Xu, Guo Yang, Wenda Cao, Chang Liu, Thomas R. Rimmele, Haimin Wang, Carsten Denker

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43 Scopus citations


We present high-resolution observations of horizontal flow fields measured by local correlation tracking from intensity images in three wavelengths, i.e., G band (GB), white light (WL), and near-infrared (NIR). The observations were obtained on 2003 October 29 within the flaring super active region NOAA 10486, which was the source of several X-class flares, including an X10 flare that occurred near the end of the observing run. The data were obtained at National Solar Observatory/Sacramento Peak (NSO/SP) using the newly developed high-order adaptive optics (AO) system. We also use Dopplergrams and magnetograms from MDI on board SOHO to study the line-of-sight flow and magnetic field. We observe persistent and long-lived (at least 5 hr) strong horizontal and vertical shear flows (both in the order of 1 km s-1) along the magnetic neutral line (NL) until the X10 flare occurred. From lower photospheric level (NIR), the direction of the flows does not change up to the upper photosphere (GB), while the flow speeds in the shear motion regions decrease and, on the contrary, those in regions without shear motions increase with increasing altitude. Right after the X10 flare, the magnetic gradient decreased, while both horizontal and vertical shear flows dramatically enhanced near the flaring NL. Our results suggest that photospheric shear flows and local magnetic shear near the NL can increase after the flare, which may be the result of shear release in the overlying large-scale magnetic system or the reflection of a twisted or sheared flux emergence carrying enough energy from the subphotosphere.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1278-1291
Number of pages14
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2 II
StatePublished - Jun 10 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


  • Sun: activity
  • Sun: flares
  • Sun: infrared
  • Sun: magnetic fields
  • Sun: photosphere
  • Sunspots


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