Narrow-band extremely low frequency (ELF) wave phenomena observed at South Pole Station

Hyomin Kim, Marc R. Lessard, James LaBelle, Jay R. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Extremely low frequency (ELF) magnetic pulsations which show a whistler-like spectral structure have been measured at South Pole Station. An initial survey of the first 70 days of data revealed narrow-band ELF pulsations with slowly varying frequency over time. The narrow-band (a few Hz) signatures maintain their bandwidth as their frequencies decrease from 110 to 50 Hz (and their second harmonics) over the course of 40-90 s. Although the narrow-band ELF waves have a signature somewhat similar to very low frequency (VLF) whistlers, their duration and frequency range are much different from those of whistlers; they also show an unusual characteristic where their frequency often increases before it decreases. These events show a peak in their magnetic local time (MLT) occurrence distribution near the pre-midnight region, a result that contrasts sharply with the only three previously published studies of these waves. Two possibilities of generation mechanism are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberL06109
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Issue number6
StatePublished - Mar 28 2006
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


Dive into the research topics of 'Narrow-band extremely low frequency (ELF) wave phenomena observed at South Pole Station'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this