Coumarin-based fluorescent agents play an important role in the manifold fundamental scientific and technological areas and need to be carefully studied. In this research, linear photophysics, photochemistry, fast vibronic relaxations, and two-photon absorption (2PA) of the coumarin derivatives, methyl 4-[2-(7-methoxy-2-oxo-chromen-3-yl)thiazol-4-yl]butanoate (1) and methyl 4-[4-[2-(7-methoxy-2-oxo-chromen-3-yl)thiazol-4-yl]phenoxy]butanoate (2), were comprehensively analyzed using stationary and time-resolved spectroscopic techniques, along with quantum-chemical calculations. The steady-state one-photon absorption, fluorescence emission, and excitation anisotropy spectra, as well as 3D fluorescence maps of 3-hetarylcoumarins 1 and 2 were obtained at room temperature in solvents of different polarities. The nature of relatively large Stokes shifts (∼4000-6000 cm-1), specific solvatochromic behavior, weak electronic π → π* transitions, and adherence to Kasha’s rule were revealed. The photochemical stability of 1 and 2 was explored quantitatively, and values of photodecomposition quantum yields, on the order of ∼10-4, were determined. A femtosecond transient absorption pump-probe technique was used for the investigation of fast vibronic relaxation and excited-state absorption processes in 1 and 2, while the possibility of efficient optical gain was shown for 1 in acetonitrile. The degenerate 2PA spectra of 1 and 2 were measured by an open aperture z-scan method, and the maximum 2PA cross-sections of ∼300 GM were obtained. The electronic nature of the hetaryl coumarins was analyzed by quantum-chemical calculations using DFT/TD-DFT level of theory and was found to be in good agreement with experimental data.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)