Cancer disease is a foremost health concern and top basis of death in comparison with many diseases including cardiovascular disorders. During initial diagnosis (usually late diagnosis), a majority of cancer patients suffer from metastatic and advanced cancer stages which resulted in limited therapeutic modalities based interventions and effectiveness. Though considerable advancement has been made in combating the disease, continuous and intense efforts are ongoing for early diagnosis and development of therapies. Generally applied treatment options for cancer are surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy, which are restricted by failure to early diagnose, insufficient on-targeted drug delivery, systemic toxicity, and lack of real-time monitoring of therapeutic responses in cancer. Noninvasive imaging or minimally invasive imaging methodology is valuable in clinical diagnostic settings. Specifically, noninvasive optical imaging integrated with polymeric nanomaterial have been extensively investigated in the field of cancer diagnostics and therapy. Currently, optical imaging methods go together with polymer-based fluorescent nanoparticles in accomplishing the molecular level detection of tumor boundaries. NIR probe tagged polymeric nanoparticles have potential to provide an advantage in the early cancer detection, therapeutic monitoring and image guided surgery procedures. This article review the recent progress in state-of-the-art NIRF polymeric nanoparticles used for optical imaging particularly on cancer diagnosis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology|
|State||Published - Oct 2019|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Optical imaging