Neural control of divergence eye movements

Tara L. Alvarez, Bassem A. Gayed, John L. Semmlow

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

One of the most sophisticated motor systems is the oculomotor system. Viewing objects in depth is supported by vergence eye movements which controls the inward (convergence) and outward (divergence) turning of the eyes. There are two main aims to this study. One compares converging responses (stimuli approaching the subject) to diverging responses (stimuli moving away from the subject) from 67s ramp stimuli. Results show that similar to convergence, divergence may be governed by a two-component control system consisting of a transient and sustained component. However, the dynamics of divergence shows a dependency on initial stimulus position which is not apparent for convergent responses. Next this research quantified divergence movements stimulated by 10, 6, 4, and 2°/s ramp stimuli. Results show that for fast moving divergent responses, high-velocity components were present lending further evidence that a transient component similar in form and function to that found in convergence also exists for divergence. Responses to slow moving responses exhibit smoother tracking where the dynamics of the movement were more uniform throughout the range of the visual field. This implies that the transient component is more prominent in faster responses thus showing a strong dependency on initial stimulus position whereas with slower moving responses, the transient component did not dominant the movement leading to more homogeneous dynamic responses where a dependency on initial stimulus position was not as apparent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationWMSCI 2006 - The 10th World Multi-Conference on Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics, Jointly with the 12th International Conference on Information Systems Analysis and Synthesis, ISAS 2006 - Proc.
Pages28-33
Number of pages6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2006
Event10th World Multi-Conference on Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics, WMSCI 2006, Jointly with the 12th International Conference on Information Systems Analysis and Synthesis, ISAS 2006 - Orlando, FL, United States
Duration: Jul 16 2006Jul 19 2006

Publication series

NameWMSCI 2006 - The 10th World Multi-Conference on Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics, Jointly with the 12th International Conference on Information Systems Analysis and Synthesis, ISAS 2006 - Proc.
Volume2

Other

Other10th World Multi-Conference on Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics, WMSCI 2006, Jointly with the 12th International Conference on Information Systems Analysis and Synthesis, ISAS 2006
CountryUnited States
CityOrlando, FL
Period7/16/067/19/06

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Information Systems

Keywords

  • Convergence
  • Disparity vergence
  • Divergence
  • Eye movements
  • Oculomotor control
  • Vergence dynamics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Neural control of divergence eye movements'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this